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The world below epidemic situation concussion need

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发表于 5 天前 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
New coronal epidemic situation pounded world economy to move from many angle. It is to bring about each country to take block step above all, cut off personnel and goods flow, make economic loop suffocate suffocate is interrupted even, to the service such as aviation, travel course of study is hit especially serious. It is to bring about multilateral economy to ebb badly next, demand drops substantially. It is to make again the whole world supplies catenary to interrupt, manufacturing industry production runs hard. Finally is epidemic situation causes nationalism and racialism in a few countries, worsened international cooperation atmosphere.
This epidemic situation exposes a whole world to supply two risks of catenary: It is the concussion that crosses what come loose or grow too to supply catenary to be broken out incident easily by epidemic situation and so on, should supply catenary some link to be in country or area to break out only this kind of incident, bring about possibly whole those who supply catenary and manufacturing chain rupture; 2 as a result of,be communication and the development of carriage technology, most enterprise chooses to use instant production or strategy of the smallest stock comes the smallest influence cost, and such sudden incident causes similar epidemic situation supply interrupt temporarily, small stock brings about production possibly to cannot undertake. Accordingly, to the enterprise, below the case that still does not decide highly in foreground of new coronal epidemic situation, the likelihood must sacrifice efficiency and seek those who supply the bigger security of catenary and reserve bigger flexibility.
But economic globalization has its basic economy rule and psychological base, although epidemic situation brings provisionality concussion, but the market economy law with more efficient pursuit still is producing effect, the motive power that seeks flow of bigger, freer goods, service, personnel, capital, data still exists, cannot deny with respect to overall because of epidemic situation accordingly globalization, cannot adopt commerce and investment safeguard to interrupt the whole world to supply chain for reason with this more.
This epidemic situation brings serious blow to world trade, the blemish of world trade system of organization causes adverse effect to the fight fighting epidemic disease of each country again. It is current above all a lot of goods and materials that fight epidemic disease include medical treatment things to still have taller custom duty; It is many countries random next adopt limitation to utter step; The 3rd it is each country the standard of the goods and materials that fight epidemic disease is skimble-scamble, custom checking program is abhorrent, hamper the suitable flow of the goods and materials that fight epidemic disease is connected; The 4th it is a few countries try to drive an enterprise to recombine through policy supply chain, be sure to arise to new trade is protected and invest limitation.
Many sided element creates the dilemma that WTO faces currently, among them the very irresponsible ruinous practice difficult take leave that the United States takes in recent years its blame. The United States lasts on one hand the appointment of judge of obstruct appeal orgnaization, bring about finally orgnaization of appeal of the end of the year quited movement last year; Take the unilateral commerce safeguard that violates WTO regulation apparently for many times on the other hand, damaged the authority of WTO badly. In addition, the United States still instigates in WTO topic for discussion of many controversy sex, those who be like a developing country is special with discriminate problem, bring about the difference between WTO member to increase, cooperative atmosphere loses almost to use up. Accordingly, although break out from epidemic situation since, WTO secretariat does his utmost to promote relevant cooperation, but in view of the abominable atmosphere that has formed before this, expect WTO can produce the positive result of materiality very hard also.
China serves as the important member of WTO, the first trade of world is large country, prevent in epidemic situation accuse and safeguard world trade respect to be behaved somewhat. China controls information about and appraisal of an epidemic inside short time, realize answer of go back to work quickly to produce, the loop that supplies chain to ensure the whole world made enormous contribution. China supports WTO sturdily from beginning to end, on April 30, chinese combination European Union other 18 members, build jointly appeal temporarily with all possible means arbitral arrangement, the international trade that maintains independence is arbitral system. China also did not adopt any commerce to restrict measure, offer those who accord with a standard to fight epidemic disease goods and materials and other goods to the whole world hard however. Ought to say, china had the demonstrative effect with big due country of a commerce. WTO is the international organization of drive of a member after all, have every member only especially main member is assumed actively safeguard the obligation that commerce liberalizes and the whole world supplies chain, it just can produce effect truly. China is returned ought to the WTO member that with its he wishs of purpose together, the blame reason that boycotts those trying in vain that set upright a border land camp, whole world that tear open solution to supply chain afresh stoutly is turned over wisdom creed person, drive the respect such as standard of harmonious and the custom duty that WTO is reducing the goods and materials that fight epidemic disease, relevant product to take positive action. No matter globalization is initiated by who, it has made collective money of the mankind, we ought to come along defend and perfect it. (author Tu Xinquan is external dean of academy of WTO of China of economic commerce university)
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